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Long-term control medications (also called controllers) help prevent asthma attacks by controlling inflammation in the airways. These medications should be taken every day by people who have signs or symptoms of asthma more than twice a week. Medications include:
Quick-relief medications provide immediate relief of asthma symptoms and can be used to prevent symptoms if used before exposure to an asthma trigger, such as exercise. Quick-relief medications are also called bronchodilators. Medications include:
If quick-relief medications are used more than two or three times a week, daily long-term control medications should be added to the treatment plan.
These videos will show you how to correctly use an inhaler.
Without a spacer:
With a spacer:
The American College of CHEST Physicians developed handouts to show how to use different types of metered dose and dry powder inhalers. Check them out here: American College of CHEST Physicians Handouts (Spanish)