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Ebola virus is the cause of a viral hemorrhagic fever disease. Symptoms include: fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and abnormal bleeding. Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola virus, though 8-10 days is most common.

Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or through exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions. Individuals who are not symptomatic are not contagious. In order for the virus to be transmitted, an individual would have to have direct contact with an individual who is experiencing symptoms.Ebola virus is not spread through the air or through contaminated food or water.

In outbreak settings, Ebola virus is typically first spread to humans after contact with infected wildlife and is then spread person-to-person through direct contact with bodily fluids such as, but not limited to, blood, urine, sweat, semen, and breast milk. Patients can transmit the virus while febrile and through later stages of disease, as well as after death, when persons touch the body during funeral preparations.

Current Outbreak Information

The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) is working with the World Health Organization (WHO), the ministries of health of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, and other international organizations in response to an outbreak of Ebola virus in West Africa, which was first reported in late March 2014. This is the largest outbreak of Ebola virus disease ever documented and the first recorded in West Africa. For current outbreak information, visit the CDC Ebola website.

What Public Health is Doing To Prepare for Ebola

Long before the first confirmed case of Ebola in the United States was diagnosed in Dallas, Texas, Utah's state and local public health departments and hospitals were preparing for the possibility that the disease could turn up in our state.

While the chances of a large-scale outbreak of Ebola occurring in the United States are very low, the recent patients in Dallas and New York are a reminder that isolated cases are a very real possibility, and being prepared is key to preventing disease and infection control. Read More

What's New

Click here to get the most current information from CDC

Information for the General Public

Information for Travelers

Information for Public Health, Healthcare Workers and Clinicians

Information for Healthcare Workers and Clinicians

  • CDC Ebola Virus Disease Information for Healthcare Workers and Settings
  • CDC Ebola Virus Disease Information for Clinicians in U.S. Healthcare Settings
  • CDC Checklist for Patients Being Evaluated for Ebola in the U.S.
  • CDC Fact Sheet for U.S. Guidance on Monitoring and Movement of Persons with Potential Ebola Virus Exposure
  • CDC Interim Guidance for U.S. Hospital Preparedness for Patients with Possible or Confirmed Ebola Virus Disease: A Framework for a Tiered Approach
  • CDC Interim U.S. Guidance for Monitoring and Movement of Persons with Potential Ebola Virus Exposure
  • CDC Patient Evaluation Algorithm for Evalution of the Returned Travelers for Ebola
  • CDC Stopping Ebola Inforgraphic
  • Utah Guidance for Management and Transport of Persons Under Investigation (PUIs) for Ebola Virus Disease
  • Utah Waste Management Guidelines
  • Utah Ebola Frontline Guidance for Healthcare Facilities
  • Information for Emergency Medical Services (EMS)

    Information for Laboratories Handling and Submitting Ebola Virus Specimens

    Infection Prevention and Control Guidelines

  • CDC Ambulatory Care Evaluation of Patients with Possible Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola) Algorithm
  • CDC Emergency Department Evaluation and Management for Patients Who Present with Possible Ebola Virus Disease
  • CDC Guidance for Donning and Doffing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) During Management of Patients with Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals - Video
  • CDC Guidance of Personal Protection Equipment To Be Used by Healthcare Workers During Management of Patients with Ebola VIrus Disease in U.S. Hospitals
  • CDC Guidance for Safe Handling of Human Remains of Ebola Patients in U. S. Hospitals and Mortuaries
  • CDC Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients with Known or Suspected Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever in U.S. Hospitals
  • CDC Interim Guidance for Environmental Infection Control in Hospitals for Ebola Virus
  • CDC Preparing for Ebola: What U.S. Hospitals Can Learn From Emory Healthcare and Nebraska Medical Center Webinar, October 14, 2014
  • CDC Safe Management of Patients with Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in U.S. Hospitals
  • 2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings
  • CDC Tools for Protecting Healthcare Personnel
  • Utah Waste Management Guidelines
  • Resources


    Utah Department of Health
    Bureau of Epidemiology
    Fax: 801-538-9913
    288 North 1460 West
    PO Box 142104
    Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-2104

    24-Hour Urgent Event & Disease Reporting

    1-888-EPI-UTAH (374-8824)

    Regular Business Hours:

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