HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. A virus is a very small germ that can cause disease, and HIV is a virus that causes a weakening of the infected person's immune system.
AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, and not everyone who has HIV advances to this stage. People at this stage of HIV disease have badly damaged immune systems, which put them at risk for opportunistic infections (OIs).
Approximately 50,000 new HIV infections occur in the United States each year. In the U.S., HIV is spread mainly by: Having sex with someone who has HIV, sharing needles and syringes with an infected person (direct blood to blood contact) and from an infected mother to her baby. It is not spread by coughs, sneezes, hugs, kisses, mosquitos, sharing cups or utencils or any other casual contact.
Information for the General Public
Information for Public Health Departments
- Disease Plan
- Case Report Form
- Disease Reports/Surveillance
- STD Treatment Guidelines - Released June 4, 2015
- HIV Prevention Program Manual
- NCSD HIV and STD Prevention in Prisons and Jails (Featuring Utah Case Study)
- American Sexual Health Association
- Centers for Disease Control & Prevention
- Mayo Clinic
- MedLine Plus
- National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases
- National Institutes of Health
- Planned Parenthood