version) for printing.
is foodborne botulism?
botulism is a food poisoning caused by a toxin produced
by the bacteria, Clostridium botulinum. The bacteria
grow best in food at room temperatures (70 - 110oF).
gets foodborne botulism?
botulism occurs after eating food containing the toxin
that is formed by the bacterium, C. botulinum,
in food. This toxin does not give a bad odor or
taste to food. The disease most often develops after consuming
improperly processed home-canned foods or home-preserved
is foodborne botulism spread?
to person spread does not occur. A person must eat contaminated
food that has not been properly cooked or reheated after
the toxin has been produced by the bacteria.
are the symptoms of foodborne botulism?
botulism produces symptoms that affect the nervous system.
The symptoms of foodborne botulism include blurred or
double vision, general weakness, poor reflexes, difficulty
swallowing, dry mouth, drooping of the upper eyelids,
dilated pupils, and constipation and sometimes death.
soon do symptoms appear?
of foodborne botulism usually appear 12-36 hours after
eating contaminated food. In rare cases, symptoms may
not develop for several days.
is the treatment for foodborne botulism?
care is necessary. Antitoxin is given in certain cases
of foodborne botulism.
happens if foodborne botulism is not treated?
botulism may result in death.
can foodborne botulism be prevented?
canned and preserved foods must be properly processed
and prepared. Home-canned products should be heated to
241oF(116oC) using a pressure cooker
to kill spores of Clostridium botulinum. Specific
guidelines for home-canning are available from the United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Home-canned foods
should be boiled for 10 minutes before eating; this will
destroy the botulism toxin. Reheated foods should be heated
to 140oF. Frozen foods should be thawed in
the refrigerator, rather than at room temperature. Bulging
containers should not be opened and foods with off-odors
should not be eaten or even tasted. Commercial cans with
bulging lids should be returned unopened to the vendor.
can I get more information?
local health department, listed in your telephone
Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
BUREAU OF EPIDEMIOLOGY