version) for printing.
is Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease?
influenzae type b is a bacterial disease which is serious
and sometimes fatal. Haemophilus influenzae is
the leading cause of bacterial meningitis (which is a swelling
of the tissue that covers the brain and spinal cord) in
children ages two months to five years of age in the United
States. Another serious infection caused by this organism
is epiglottitis, (an infection of the airway which may block
the breathing passage and lead to suffocation). Haemophilus
influenzae may also cause infections in the lungs,
blood, joints, bones and covering of the heart. This bacteria
dose not cause the "flu" (influenza).
gets Hib disease?
disease is most common in children two months to three years
of age, but can also occur in older children, and occasionally
in adolescents and adults. Children who attend day-care
may be at higher risk of getting Hib disease.
is the disease spread?
disease spreads through the air when an infected person
coughs or sneezes, especially if they do not cover their
are the symptoms of Hib disease?
are fever, vomiting, nausea, tiredness, and possibly a stiff
neck. Because the bacteria affects different parts of the
body, other symptoms may occur.
long can an infected person spread Hib disease?
infected person can spread Hib disease as long as the bacteria
are present in the nose or throat, and sometimes after they
appear to be well. After one to two days of treatment an
infected person can no longer spread the disease.
a person get Hib disease again?
One infection does not protect from getting Hib disease
is the treatment for Hib disease?
are used to treat serious infections.
people exposed to an infected person be treated?
members, day-care center classmates and children less than
four years old may need to take a medicine called Rifampin.
Persons who have had casual contact such as occurs in a
regular classroom, office or factory setting do not need treatment.
can the spread of Hib disease be prevented?
are available to protect against Hib disease. The vaccine
series should be given to children beginning at two months
of age. This is especially true for children attending day-care
centers. For more information about the vaccine, contact
your local health department, or the Utah Department of
Health, Immunization Program (801) 538-9450.
can I get more information?
local health department, listed in the telephone directory
Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology (801)
538-6191 or Immunization Program (801) 538-9450
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
BUREAU OF EPIDEMIOLOGY