is streptococcal toxic shock syndrome?
toxic shock syndrome is a rare but extremely severe illness
characterized by hypotension (low blood pressure) and shock.
Other symptoms can include renal (kidney) impairment, coagulopathy
(abnormality in the blood's ability to clot), adult acute
respiratory distress syndrome, rash and local tissue destruction.
Death occurs in up to 70% of people who develop streptococcal
toxic shock syndrome.
are two types of toxic shock syndrome. This fact sheet describes
that type caused by group A streptococcal infections. The
other kind of toxic shock syndrome is caused by Staphylococcus
aureus and it is described on the Toxic Shock Syndrome
gets streptococcal toxic shock syndrome?
toxic shock syndrome occurs in some people who have group
A streptococcal infections. People who have recently had
surgery or women who have recently given birth may be at
higher risk for developing streptococcal toxic shock syndrome.
is streptococcal toxic shock syndrome spread?
A streptococcal infections may be spread from one person
to another by large respiratory droplets (coughing or sneezing)
or by direct contact. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome,
however, is not spread from one person to another.
is possible for people to carry and spread group A streptococcal
infections without ever being sick themselves.
are the symptoms of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome?
who have streptococcal toxic shock syndrome will have group
A streptococcal bacteria isolated from their bodies. They
will also have hypotension and two or more of the following
respiratory distress syndrome
generalized red "sunburn-like" rash that may
begin to peel
of soft-tissue or muscle
an illness to be called streptococcal toxic shock syndrome,
there must also be no other bacteria or virus identified
as a more likely cause of the illness.
soon after exposure do symptoms appear?
many people with streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, the
time when they are first exposed to group A streptococcal
bacteria is unknown. When the time of exposure is known,
the time from exposure to onset of symptoms is 2-5 days.
is streptococcal toxic shock syndrome diagnosed?
physician is needed to properly diagnose streptococcal toxic
is the treatment for streptococcal toxic shock syndrome?
with streptococcal toxic shock syndrome are treated for
any symptoms or complications they may have. Any cause of
infection (i.e., wound or foreign body) should be removed
as quickly as possible. Doctors will also prescribe antibiotics
to treat the infection.
can streptococcal toxic shock syndrome be prevented?
who are known to have group A streptococcal infections should
be treated with antibiotics as soon as possible even if
the bacteria is not making them sick, because of the possible
risk of them spreading it to someone else.
can I get more information?
local health department listed in your telephone directory.
Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology (801)
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
BUREAU OF EPIDEMIOLOGY