Page 1 | 2 Influenza (Flu)
General Steps to Take If You Get Sick
1) If Flu-like Symptoms Develop
- Get plenty of rest
- Drink a lot of liquids
- Avoid using alcohol and tobacco
- Consider taking over the counter medications to relieve the symptoms of influenza (but never give aspirin to children or teenagers who have flu-like symptoms)
- Stay home and avoid contact with other people to protect them from catching your illness.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze to protect others from your germs.
- Most healthy people recover from the influenza without complications.
2) Look Out for Emergency Warning Signs
There are some emergency warning signs that require urgent medical attention. In children, some emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
- High or prolonged fever
- Fast breathing or trouble breathing
- Bluish skin color
- Not drinking enough fluids
- Changes in mental status, such as not waking up or not interacting; being so irritable that the child does not want to be held or seizures
- Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough; and
- Worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions (for example, heart or lung disease, diabetes)
In adults, some emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
- High or prolonged fever
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Pain or pressure in the chest
- Near fainting or fainting
- Confusion; and
- Severe or persistent vomiting.
Seek medical care immediately, either by calling your doctor or going to an emergency room, if you or someone you know is experiencing any of the signs described above or other unusually severe symptoms. When you arrive, tell the receptionist or nurse about your symptoms. You may be asked to wear a mask and/or sit in a separate area to protect others from getting sick.
Some people are at increased risk to develop complications of influenza. This group includes:
- all children aged 6 months - 4 years (59 months)
- all persons aged 50 years and older
- adults and children who have chronic pulmonary (including asthma) or cardiovascular (except isolated hypertension), renal, hepatic, neurological, hematologic, or metabolic disorders (including diabetes mellitus)
- persons who have immunosuppression (including immunosuppression caused by medications or by HIV)
- women who are or will be pregnant during the influenza season
- children and adolescents (aged 6 months - 18 years) who are receiving long-term aspirin therapy and who might be at risk for experiencing Reye syndrome after influenza virus infection
- residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
- American Indians/Alaska Natives
- persons who are morbidly obese (BMI is 40 or greater)
- HCP (healthcare professionals)
- household contacts and caregivers of children aged younger than 5 years and adults aged 50 years and older, with particular emphasis on vaccinating contacts of children aged 6 months and younger; and
- household contacts and caregivers of persons with medical conditions that put them at higher risk for severe complications from influenza.
If you are in a group that is considered to be at high risk for complications from the influenza and you get flu-like symptoms, consult your healthcare provider when your symptoms begin.
Some of the complications caused by influenza include bacterial pneumonia, dehydration, and worsening of chronic medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, asthma, or diabetes. Children also may get sinus and ear infections.
Persons infected with influenza are sometimes at higher risk for developing secondary infections, such as pneumonia or Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections.
Click here for more information on Preventing the Flu.