family planning (NFP) methods are methods of avoiding or
seeking pregnancy without the use of contraceptive drugs
or devices. NFP methods teach a woman to identify the days
of her menstrual cycle when she is likely to get pregnant
if she has sexual intercourse (the fertile window), and
the days of her menstrual cycle when she is very unlikely
to get pregnant if she has sexual intercourse. Many women
and men are surprised to learn that the days of the fertile
window are different than what they have heard about in
is often confused with the outdated calendar "rhythm"
method, but it is more advanced than that. Most NFP methods
can be used by women who have irregular cycles or who are
breast feeding, as well as women with regular cycles.
couples have religious reasons to prefer NFP methods. Other
couples use NFP methods for non-religious reasons, such
as wishing to use something natural or to avoid side effects
of contraceptive medications. Some couples simply find that
NFP fits their lifestyle better than other methods. NFP
methods are low cost. Women and men who learn NFP learn
more about a woman's body and her menstrual cycle.
some women, a disadvantage of NFP may be that it requires
cooperation from the male partner. NFP is a couple's method,
not a woman's method or a man's method. If a couple has
sexual intercourse on a fertile day, they are likely to
get pregnant. Because some couples may "take chances,"
the pregnancy rate for a group of couples during "typical
use" is higher than the pregnancy rate during "perfect
use" to avoid pregnancy. Also, NFP does not provide
protection from sexually transmitted infections.
suggests that the most effective way to learn an NFP method
is to meet with a qualified instructor, who can answer your
specific questions about your own situation. There are several
different NFP methods available in the State of Utah. The
following is a brief description of these NFP methods and
where you can get more information or instruction for each
method. Your risks of pregnancy with perfect use are listed.
These are the lowest possible pregnancy rates if the method
is used perfectly for one year. Typical use pregnancy rates
are higher because couples sometimes have intercourse on
this list, the easiest methods to learn are listed first.