Cost & Impact
Birth Defects are Common:
1 in 33 newborn babies has a structural birth defect.
More than 120,000 babies are born with birth defects each year
in the United States.(CDC) (150,000 per MOD)
1,000 babies are born with a birth defect in Utah each year.
Heart defects are the most common type of structural birth
defect, affecting one in 125 babies and 30,000 babies in the
U.S. Heart defects make up about one-third to one-fourth of
all birth defects.
1 in 450 babies born in Utah (UBDN data) and 6,800 babies each
year in the U.S. have an oral facial cleft. http://www.cdc.gov/od/oc/media/pressrel/r060105.htm
Down syndrome affects 1 of every 733 live births (CDC) and
5,500 babies in the U.S. each year. http://www.cdc.gov/od/oc/media/pressrel/r060105.htm
Neural tube defects which are defects of the spine and brain
affect about 1 in 1,365 births in Utah. (UBDN data)
Birth Defect Have Significant Impact:
Birth defects often require surgery and other medical treatments.
Birth defects are the leading cause of infant death, accounting
for 20% of all infant deaths. (CDC)
1 in 10 infants with birth defects will die in the first year
Babies with birth defects are at 15 times more likely to die
than a baby without a birth defect and are most likely to die
in the first month of life.
More than 12,000 babies with birth defects die each year.
30% of pediatric admissions to the hospital are due to birth
defects and genetic disorders.
10 to 15% of adult admissions to the hospital are due to birth
Birth defects are costly:
The cost of birth defects is at least $8 billion dollars each
Utah's estimated lifetime cost for 12 selected birth defects
was about $74 million dollars. (Harris and Levy, 1997)
Lifetime costs range from $140,000 to $700,000 per individual's
lifetime depending on the particular birth defect. (Waitzman)
The average cost for a hospital stay for congenital anomalies
is $40,777. http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/birthdefects/about.shtm
Birth defects are a huge challenge:
Both genetic and environmental factors can cause birth defects.
The cause of 80% of birth defects is unknown (UBDN data).
Some birth defects like fetal alcohol syndrome are 100% preventable.
Yet an estimated 130,000 pregnant women per year in the United
States consume alcohol at levels shown to increase the risk
of having a baby with FAS or other prenatal alcohol-related