Utah Asthma Program
Utah Asthma Program

Recess Guidance Resources for Schools


The Utah Recess Guidance is a tool for determining when to hold recess indoors due to poor air quality. The Guidance provides recommendations for recess based off PM2.5 levels reported by county.

We encourage schools to use the Recess Guidance and DEQ website to determine recess. Ultimately, the final decision on when to hold indoor recess is made by the schools.



4 Steps to Using the Recess Guidance

Get familiar with the Utah Recess Guidance

Identify sensitive students

Check PM2.5 levels daily

Develop a plan for indoor physical activity


1. Get familiar with the Utah Recess Guidance

Many of you are already familiar with the Utah Recess Guidance and implement it actively in your schools. Take a moment to familiarize yourselves with the 2016 updates. We encourage you to reserve time during a staff meeting in late fall to review the following materials and get organized:

  • Suggestions for Implementing the Recess Guidance
  • Frequently Asked Questions

    2. Identify sensitive students

    The Utah Recess Guidance provides recess recommendations for two groups of students:

    1. All students
    2. Sensitive high risk students and those with respiratory symptoms

    See the following steps on how to better prepare to keep sensitive students with respiratory symptoms indoors when PM2.5 levels are in the orange.

    1. Talk With Parents

    It is important to know which students are considered sensitive high risk students. The Utah Recess Guidance defines sensitive high risk students as those with asthma, cystic fibrosis, kidschronic lung disease, congental heart disease, compromised immune systems, or other respiratory problems.

    Parents, with the advice of their doctor, should determine whether their child is considered sensitive and high risk. Use this sample letter for parents to determine which students are sensitive.

    2. Keep a List

    Each teacher should keep a list of sensitive high risk students in their classroom. Teachers should also be aware of which students currently have respiratory symptoms, such as coughing and wheezing.

    3. Have a Plan

    Have a plan for indoor recess for sensitive high risk students and those with respiratory symptoms. When the PM2.5 levels are in the orange (35.5 - 55.4), make sure these students have a designated location in the school to spend indoor recess.

    3. Check PM2.5 levels daily

    Checking PM2.5 levels should become part of the daily routine at school during winter months. Designate who will be responsible for checking the levels each day, and make sure to check levels at least 3o minutes prior to recess (PM2.5 levels tend to rise during the day).

    There are a number of ways to monitor the current air quality levels in your area:

    • Check the current and forecasted air quality levels for your county at air.utah.gov.
    • You can also check current conditions at health.utah.gov/utahair, as well as find information about health effects, air quality trends, sources of air pollution, and ways to reduce exposure.
    • Download the free UtahAir app and check air quality levels from the convenience of your phone or tablet device.
    • Sign up for email alerts for air quality levels from DEQ.

    Utah Asthma Program Daily Air Quality Alerts

    The Utah Asthma Program also provides regular air quality alert emails. The email will include resources for indoor active recess and other tips to improve our air quality.

    • Daily Action Emails: Each day, we will check air quality levels in the morning. When PM2.5 levels require students to be kept indoors, we will send you an email.


    Email ssmith1@utah.gov to receive alert emails




    4. Develop a plan for indoor physical activity | Top

    Research shows that physical activity helps students be more engaged and ready to learn. However, when students are kept indoors due to poor air quality, it can be logistically difficult to encourage active indoor play.

    Luckily, there are a number of easy and effective indoor recess resources and activities that your students can do on their own and with little physical space. Before winter inversions arrive, put together a plan for indoor recess activities using the following resources.

    Indoor Physical Activity Ideas: