Long-term control medications (also called controllers) help prevent asthma attacks by controlling inflammation in the airways. These medications should be taken every day by people who have signs or symptoms of asthma more than twice a week. Medications include:
Quick-relief medications provide immediate relief of asthma symptoms and can be used to prevent symptoms if used before exposure to an asthma trigger, such as exercise. Quick-relief medications are also called bronchodilators. Medications include:
If quick-relief medications are used more than two or three times a week, daily long-term control medications should be added to the treatment plan.
English and Spanish asthma inhaler demo videos and PDF instructions are available on the CDC website.
Drug companies have programs that offer free or low-cost prescription drugs to uninsured people. Most brand name medications are available through these programs.
For a complete list of prescription assistance programs organized by asthma medication, click here.