Pregnancy Risk Line
Answers about Medications and other Exposures during Pregnancy and Breastfeeding 1.800.822.BABY (2229)

Fact Sheets, News, and Resources

Publications: Please fax, email, call, or mail the Order Form to order these and other items: MotherToBabyUT Order Form.

  • Pregnancy Risk Line / MotherToBaby Utah
  • CMV Flyer
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) in pregnancy can cause permanent hearing loss and developmental disabilities in children. Read the documents listed below to see who is at risk and how to protect your unborn baby. For more information, please visit the CMV Public Health Initiative page.
  • Preterm Birth
  • Utah Newborn Safe Haven
  • Materials available on the website only.
  • News and Research

  • Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy and Treatment with Zofran (ondansetron)
    • Baby Your Baby KUTV2 News Video about medications and strategies for morning sickness.
    • There has been some controversy about the risks of using Zofran for nausea in pregnancy.
      • While some research reports have suggested an increase in the risks of cleft palate and heart defects, those risk have not been supported across all the research reports.
      • Every pregnancy has about a 3% risk of a major birth defect and at this time we don't expect Zofran to increase that risk.
      • Clefts and heart defects are common and nausea is common, so they may be happening together by random chance.
      • Future research reports will be evaluated to determine if there are any increased risks.
    • If moms are still concerned or doctors don't want to prescribe Zofran, there are other medications for nausea.
      • Some women with mild nausea use over-the-counter medications such as a combination of B-6 and Unisom (doxylamine). The prescription version is called Diclegis.
      • Other over-the-counter medications include Ginger and Antivert (meclizine).
      • Other prescription-strength medications include Phenergan (promethazine).
      • The best one to use will depend on how severe the symptoms are and which one works best for each mom.
    • If moms don't want to take any medications for severe nausea and vomiting, there can be risks from dehydration and poor nutrition.
    • Women should talk to their provider about their symptoms and treatment options.
    • Women who need help before they can get into an appointment with their provider can call the helpline at 1-800-436-8477.
    • Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy (NVP) Fact Sheet
  • Women's Heart Health
    • Nurse Al talks about heart conditions in pregnancy on the KUTV 2 Baby Your Baby news segment.
    • February is Heart Health month and we want to remind women to take care of their own hearts and watch for any symptoms of heart disease.
    • Some symptoms of a heart attack include:
      • heavy pressure on the chest
      • neck, back, jaw, left arm pain
      • shortness of breath
      • cold sweats
      • light-headedness
    • If you start having these symptoms, call 911 for immediate treatment.
    • Eating healthy, exercising, and getting regular checkups will help reduce your risk of heart disease.
    • Women in pregnancy often have pain, nausea, and dizziness as their bodies change. Let your provider know these symptoms so they can find out if they are part of pregnancy or heart problems.
    • If you are taking medications for heart conditions, talk to your provider before you get pregnant about any risks from the medications and from the heart condition itself.
    • Women with heart disease should have a plan before pregnancy. While most medications are not a problem in pregnancy or breastfeeding, call MotherToBaby to get more information about your heart medications. Pregnant women who take care of their health improve the chances of having a healthy baby. Some heart medications cause risks during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Risks to the baby have to be weighed against the risks to the mom when considering medications for treating heart conditions. Find out more from experts at MotherToBaby at 866-626-6847 (North America) or MotherToBaby Utah 801-328-2229 (Utah).
    • Read more about women's heart health from the National Heart Lung and Blood Institue.
    • See the Cardiovascular Disease Fact Sheet from the Utah Department of Health.
    • Heart disease is the #1 killer of women. Get checkups. Know the symptoms. Exercise & eat healthy.
  • Maternal Depression in Pregnancy
    • Nurse Al talks about maternal depression during pregnancy on the KUTV 2 Baby Your Baby news segment.
    • Nurse Dani recently talked about the symptoms of maternal depression and how many moms are affected.
    • Untreated maternal depression can adversely affect the pregnancy and increase the risk for miscarriage, low birth weight, small-for-gestational age, hypertension, and increased depressive symptoms.
    • Untreated maternal depression can adversely affect the newborn and increase the risk for poor bonding, poor feeding, and developmental delays.
    • Pregnant and breastfeeding moms should talk to their doctor before changing or stopping any prescriptions. Most antidepressants can be taken during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
    • The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians screen moms for depression at well-child visits. American Academy of Pediatrics: Incorporating Recognition and Management of Perinatal and Postpartum Depression into Pediatric Practice
    • The free Baby Your Baby Health Keepsake and Newsletters have details about milestones and child behaviors that can help parents keep their children on track to do their best when they reach school age.
    • Since your new baby was born, how often have you felt down, depressed or hopeless?
      Since your new baby was born, how often have you had little interest or pleasure in doing things?
      If you answer Always or Often to either of the two questions, talk with your health care provider about how you are feeling.
    • MotherToBaby Fact Sheets on Depression and Pregnancy and medications used to treat depression.
    • Medical Home Portal: Maternal Depression Screening
  • Abstaining From Alcohol During Pregnancy Still The Best Choice For Baby
  • Influenza Fact Sheets and Resources

    This sections contains facts sheets and other resources about the flu. Check back for new resources.
    • Antiviral Medications to Treat/Prevent H1N1 Influenza (swine flu) in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Women
      This sheet talks about the risks of exposure to antiviral medications to treat or prevent influenza during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.
    • Flu Can Harm You and Your Baby (en Español)
      This poster from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reminds pregnant women to get the flu vaccines to protect themselves and their babies. It also gives the Flu.Gov website and CDC telephone number. Available to download, print, and post in your office or clinic.
    • Influenza Updates
      This newsletter from the Utah Immunization Program provides the latest information about the flu including recommendations for health care personnel, surveillance information in Utah, and frequently asked questions.
    • Flu Vaccine Locator
      The Utah Department of Health provides this web-based tool to help you find flu shots in cities and across Utah.
    • Flu Can Harm You and Your Baby
    • Flu.Gov
      The U.S. Govenment (White House, Department of Health and Human Services, and other federal agencies) provides information about the flu including links to help you find flu shots in all states.
    • Flu Story: A Pregnant Woman's Ordeal
      Read this article from The New York Times about a Florida woman's experience with the flu. She wants to tell people "how dangerous it can be" for pregnant women. October 19, 2009

    MotherToBaby (and OTIS) Fact Sheets

    The experts behind MotherToBaby have created fact sheets that answer frequently asked questions about exposures during pregnancy and breastfeeding. MotherToBaby Fact Sheets are available in both English and Spanish and can be downloaded for free. To view or download Fact Sheets, go to:

    Other Fact Sheets

    Resources and Links

    • Baby Your Baby
      Provides resources for parents and thier children, including financial help during pregnancy; information abour preparing for pregnancy; and information about caring for your young child.
    • "Learn the Signs. Act Early."
      Checklists, brochures, booklets and more to help parents of infants and young children learn about healthy development and track developmental milestones.
    • Medical Home Portal
      Provides information for families and professionals including events, local resoruces, and information about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
    • Follow OTIS on FacebookFollow OTIS on TwitterOTIS
      The Organization of Teratology Information Specialists is a non-profit organization made up of individual services (TIS) (like the Pregnancy Risk Line) throughout North America. Find a service in your area, check out fact sheets, or follow them on Twitter or Facebook.
    • Power Your Life, Power Your Health
      Provides resources and information about health for women in their childbearing years.
    • Follow UFAC on FacebookUtah Fetal Alcohol Coalition
      Provides speakers for events for families and professionals; resources for families; and information about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. September 9th (9/9/2010) is Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Awareness Day. Show your support by making a pledge to be alcohol-free during your pregnancy or go to one of the local events.
    • Utah Newborn Safe Haven
      Utah state law provides a secret, safe haven for your newborn. See the video that describes the law along with TV commericals in .wmv format or .mp4 format or .mov format.
    • Women, Infants & Children (WIC)
      Provides food for breastfeeding moms and their children. They have a video in English and Spanish about taking folic acid (ácido fólico) to prevent birth defects.

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    CDC Microsite for Zika Virus: